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Prof. Dowen Birkhed

Dental Caries in Man and Horses

- Evidence Based Dentistry




Hand picked speakers
for an awesome
scientific programme.

Prof. Dr. Carsten Staszyk

Embryology, what to see in

the adult horse.


FRCVS  Henry Tremaine

Dental disease, connection

to sinuses problems.



“Biology, Evidence and Ethics in Equine Dentistry”

We can guarantee a variety of topics with quality speakers from different countries.



Wouter Demey works as an equine veterinarian in Belgium and The Netherlands where he runs his own dental practice 'Equide' ( Wouter graduated at Ghent University in 2008 after which he fulfilled an internship in a large equine hospital in Belgium. For several years he has combined first opinion work with the development of his own equine dentistry practice.

Over the last 10 years Wouter has both followed and lectured numerous courses in equine dentistry. In Belgium he was the first equine veterinarian to open a purpose build 'state of the art' facility where advanced dentistry can be delivered at the highest standards. Wouter works as a consultant in different equine hospitals in the region. Besides referral cases Wouter is often consulted for bitting related injuries in the sport horse. He is known for his opinions on equine welfare and his attempts to educate horse owners and riders.

Since several years Wouter works closely together with Dr. Torbjörn Lundström and colleague DVM Stijn Teysen. Wouter is a board member of the NCED.

On the 2020 congress Wouter will take part in lectures & panel discussions in both the pre-congress as the congress itself. Subjects range from 'practical set-up' to 'cognitive biases in dentistry' as well as topics on occlusion and developmental abnormalities.



Professor emeritus Dowen Birkhed is 73 years old. He is still active as a mentor and teacher. He received his dental degree (DDS) in 1970 and his PhD in 1974, both in Malmö, Sweden. The title of the thesis was: On the cleavage of starch and disaccharides in the human oral cavity.

He was Assistant Professor, first in Oral Microbiology and then in Cariology at the Dental School in Malmö during 18 years (1970-1988) and was Visiting Professor one year (1976-1977) at the Health Centre in Farmington at UConn, USA. He worked half time in a private dental clinic in Malmö during 6 years (1970-1976).

He became Professor and Head of Department of Cariology at Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, in 1989 and hold that position 25 years until he retired in 2014. He was a board member of The Patent Revenue Fund for Research in Preventive Odontology 2008-2014 and of The National Graduate School in Odontological Science 2009-2014.

Dowen Birkhed has published more than 300 articles in international dental journals (listed in PubMed) and has written 15 review articles and book chapters about dental caries. His h-index is 42 in Web of Science and 64 in Google Scholar.

He has been tutor for 48 PhD students and has received two international prizes: 1) the Acta Odontologica Scandinavica Award in 2001, and 2) the IADR Distinguished Scientist Award for Research in Dental Caries in 2007.

Dowen Birkhed´s main research interest has been caries diagnosis, risk assessment, root caries, dental erosions, caries prevention, sugar substitutes, fluoride toothpaste and other fluoride products.

He has collaborated with Dr Torbjörn Lundström in Söderköping more than 10 years on pH measurements in caries lesions, dietary habits and on saliva composition in horses and they have recently submitted two papers to veterinary journals.



Rob Pascoe graduated in 1999 from the University of Bristol as a Batchelor of Veterinary Science. From 2001-2004 he held a teaching position at the University of Bristol where he was involved in developing the teaching of equine dentistry to undergraduates. In 2003 he passed the BEVA/BVDA Equine Dentistry Examination, and the following year assumed the position of examiner. He was chair of the examination from 2005 to 2008 and since 2009 he has held a position on the examination governance committee. From 2004 to 2006 he was a senior lecturer in Equine Dentistry at Hartpury College, Gloucestershire.

From 2006-2018 Rob worked at Bell Equine Veterinary Clinic as a veterinary surgeon with a 95% equine dentistry caseload. In 2012 he was one of twenty individuals appointed to a joint AVDC/EVDC Organising Committee for the establishment of a Speciality in Equine Veterinary Dentistry. In 2014 Rob was awarded a diploma from the American Veterinary Dental College in Equine Veterinary Dentistry. The following year he became the first RCVS Recognised Specialist in Equine Dentistry.
During the past 16 years Rob have lectured widely on the subject of equine dentistry at international CPD events in the UK, Europe and North America. He has presented conferences including BEVA Congress, Voorjaarsdagen, the European Veterinary Dental Forum, American Veterinary Dental Forum and the Nordic College of Equine Dentistry’s Inaugural Conference.

From 2012 to 2019 he held a variety of positions on the committee of the British Veterinary Dental Association. In 2012, he was appointed as president-elect, and from 2013-2016 served as President, the first equine practitioner to hold this. From 2016-2019 he continued as Equine Liaison for the Association, and still holds an external advisory role.

Rob is passionate about equine dental education, and is a firm believer that the field of equine dentistry is far better with international collaboration between academic peers.



I graduated from the RVC and after 4 years in mixed practice undertook a surgical residency at The University of Edinburgh where my interest in dentistry became necessary as nobody else would touch the subject. During this period, which marked the start of an era of productive era of research led by Prof. Dixon, we reviewed the complications inherent in the techniques of the time and revisited traditional methods. Despite ancient instrumentation, by using better analgesia we found a greatly reduced complication incidence with oral extraction. Since then improvements in analgesia, instrumentation, and diagnostic imaging have contributed to its evolution into standard practice. Subsequently during collaboration with international colleagues this as led to great advancements in our understanding of dental pathology and in combination with newer diagnostic imaging techniques we are much better placed to manage equine dental disease. My journey led me through faculty positions at Universities of Edinburgh Ohio State and Bristol, supervising research students and residents, and teaching students and veterinarians internationally. I was drawn into private practice in 2017, where i continue to provide specialist referral services in dentistry and maxillo-facial surgery. I contribute to a number of association boards, publish occasionally and appear at international conferences. I believe that progress in equine dentistry must be led by science and not just technical advances. I am lucky to specialise in both dentistry and surgery, which reminds me that the dentition is just one of many components of a whole organism and i also believe that specialisation can only thrive in an environment of scientific collaboration rather than commercial competition.



Robert Menzies was born and raised in Australia. He grew up on a farm, enjoying the freedom and opportunities typical of farmlife. Since graduating in 2000 from veterinary school in Australia, his main species of interest has been the horse. He has worked in equine-only, mixed and small animal practices, both in the private and university sectors. Besides working in Australia, veterinary positions have taken him to the UK, China, USA, Finland, Norway and Austria.


From 2009-2012 he undertook a residency training programme in dentistry and oral surgery at the University of Pennsylvania, becoming a Diplomate of the American Veterinary Dental College in 2012, and more recently of the European Veterinary Dental College. Since 2007 he has been a regular visitor to the Djurtandvårdskliniken in Sweden.


Robert believes equine oral health should be approached with the same principles and standards expected of other areas of medicine. He is currently pursuing a PhD in equine teeth and lives in Vienna, Austria, with his wife and young twins.



Licensed veterinarian since 2011 and passed the Swedish odontology exam in 2015. Now working at
the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences as a teacher and are also currently undertaking a

As a teacher, I work mainly with veterinary nurses and train them in odontology. I have a special interest in training veterinary nurses in the hygiene aspect of veterinary odontology. The specific knowledge around hygiene in the veterinary odontology is lacking and one of my aims is to increase that through education and research.

Before starting at SLU I have worked as a clinical veterinarian both in an equine hospital, equine clinic and as a field veterinarian in a mixed large animal practice. This experience of working with equine odontology in a lot of varied environments and circumstances is something that I use in my teaching. The emphasis in my presentation will be to have a practical approach to how to keep an acceptable hygiene standard in equine odontology and minimize the risk of hospital-acquired infections. The main objective is to give practical tips and to explain the critical lines that are not be crossed for the sake of the patient safety and the safety of the personnel.



Leena Karma works as an equine veterinarian in south Finland in her equine dental clinic (Porvoon
Hevosklinikka) since 2010. She graduated as a DVM from Tartu Agricultural University, Estonia 1999 and
from University of Helsinki 2003. She has always focused on horses in her career.


Before she established her clinic in Porvoo near to Helsinki, she worked in different private equine clinics as both first and second opinion veterinarian. In her clinic she provides referral services in advanced equine dentistry including dental and sinus surgerys.


She gives lectures and clinical practice lessons in equine dentistry to the students at the University of Helsinki and provides equine dental CPD courses in her clinic. She is still eager to learn more and curious about new techniques in equine dentistry. If she has free time from that, she likes to play golf and go for a walk with her dog.



Worked as a radiologist at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences since 1993 and is a lecturer since many years in the Swedish Equine Dentistry education programme concerning the Diagnostic Imaging part.



Stijn graduated from Ghent University in 2004. During his years at the university, he frequently accompanied an experienced colleague and he came in contact with equine dentistry the way it was probably already performed during medieval times. Removing wolf teeth with a hammer and a screwdriver, without sedation or local anaesthetic is just one illustrative example.


For many years Stijn tried to stay as far away as possible from equine dentistry. He worked in several equine practices in Belgium and France. But, dentistry has always been the one area of veterinary medicine that kept on chasing him. It was never a very warm relationship, though. He strongly disliked the invasive way many tooth problems were treated at that time and the high rate of complications after dental surgery. But in the last decade there was an important evolution towards a less invasive approach. Blood is thicker than water, so in 2011 he decided to leave Equine Clinic De Morette and he founded his own private practice solely focussing on equine dentistry and osteopathy.


During the last 5 years there has been an intensive collaboration with Wouter Demey and Torbjörn Lundström. And this gave a whole new perspective on the equine oral cavity and equine welfare. The mouth is more than just a line-up of teeth. Be as specialised as you can, always try to keep seeing the bigger picture. That is where veterinarians can make a big difference. Change has to start from the bottom. That’s why Stijn frequently lectures for horse owners and riders, to increase the average knowledge on equine dentistry and equine welfare in general. He is a frequent guest on veterinary dental courses and congresses and he regularly lectures on national and international courses.


In 2020 Stijn will open his new Veterinary Dental Clinic “VetriDent” in the centre of Belgium.



Johan graduated 1985 from Dental school in Umeå, started his career as a general dentist in the Public dental care system, Folktandvården Uppsala, in 16 years. He also worked both at department of Oral surgery and Pedodontics before he 2006 became a Consultant in prosthetic dentistry. Most of the time at the specialist clinic in Uppsala, but also at Oslo dental school, Eastman institute and at the private clinic Sophia hemmet in Stockholm.


Special interests: Prosthodontics both in children and adolescents, rehabilitation of patients with tumors in head and neck and in all cases esthetics.
Patients who lost confidence in both dentists and the health care system is challenge to help and also inspiring. Prophylaxis and how to avoid heavy dental work are always a goal.
He is a clinical teacher at the postgraduate program in Uppsala and a tutor of dentists with special interest in prosthetics.

1995 Johan became a member of Swedish dental association postgraduate board and has since that arranged and lectured during more than 200 courses like: “What could we have done 5 years earlier”, “Dental implants”, “Removeable dentures”, “Rehabilitation after bruxism and erosions”, “Prosthetic prophylaxis” and what to do during a “Normal Check-up”

Johan met Torbjörn Lundström at ICD in London some years ago and now both members of the ICD society. We have had long discussions comparing equine and human dentistry and what we can learn from each other. The need of human dentistry has many reasons and it look like some humans has similar problems as spoiled pets.



Øyvind Berven graduated from the Justus-Liebig University in Germany in 2005. He passed the SLU exam in equine odontology in 2018 and is one of the founders of NCED.

His interest for equine dentistry started shortly after graduation and he has since attended and hosted several dental courses at his clinics and abroad.

With his wife, who is also his assistant, he works full-time with equine dentistry. He started his first equine clinic solely dedicated to the horse's mouth in 2011. Today they run two equine dental clinics in Norway where they offers a complete service in this field.

His goal as an equine dentist is to understand the natural chewing function, reflex/will-controlled behavior of horses. He feels this is the basis for understanding the pain patterns and oral pathology of equines.

Øyvind believes there is little need for routine treatment. Soft and hard tissues in mouth change every single day, so any treatment would be based on each examination and findings.

Øyvinds wish for the future is that the focus of dentistry in the field of horses should be elevated from routine-floating to an academic discipline. This should be on a par with all other disciplines within veterinary medicine.

Watch Øyvind pushing the boundaries here